Ken Batai Francine C Gachupin Antonio L. Estrada David O. Garcia Jorge Gomez Rick A. Kittles


Cancer incidence rates vary regionally among American Indians (AIs) and Latinos.  The goal of this was to identify areas of research necessary to reduce cancer health disparities in AIs and Latinos, the two major racial/ethnic minority groups in Arizona.  In an effort to better understand cancer health disparities, cancer incidence rates in AIs and Latinos in Arizona were compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs).  Age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000) were obtained from the Arizona Cancer Registry and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries.  Spearman’s rank test was used to examine correlation between county-level cancer incidence rates and socio-demographic factors.  AIs and Latinos had lower incidence rates of screening for detectable cancers than NHWs.  Among older men (age ≥65), however, AIs and Latinos had similar prostate cancer incidence rates to NHWs.  Some of less common cancers, such as kidney, stomach, liver, and gallbladder, were more frequently diagnosed in AIs and Latinos than NHWs.  AIs and Latinos were more likely to be diagnosed with advanced cancer stage, except for cervical cancer.  Correlations between prostate and breast cancer incidence rates and percent urban residents as well as population size were significantly positive.  Poverty levels were inversely correlated with colorectal and lung cancer incidence rates.  Our review of cancer incidence rates suggests that socio-demographic factors, such as population size (rural/urban) and poverty levels, have influenced cancer detection and incidence rates in Arizona.