Priscilla R Sanderson Erelda Gene Rebecca Scranton Angela A.A. Willeto Lori Joshweseoma Lisa J. Hardy


American Indian or Alaska Natives have the highest rates of current cigarette (36.5%) and smokeless tobacco use (5.3%), and tobacco product (40.1%) and the second highest rate of current cigar use (6.1%) compared to all other racial-ethnic groups in the U.S. rates of American Indian or Alaska Native tobacco use vary by gender. Few studies examine perceptions of tobacco use among tribal members residing on and off the reservation. This study fills a gap in the literature by reporting the perceptions of 34 enrolled members of a southwestern tribe who reside on and off a tribal land using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) design through a collaboration between a university and a tribal health program. Researchers conducted seven focus groups; four on the southwest reservation and three within an urban community. The discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a multi-investigator consensus model. The use of tobacco (commercial or traditional) in southwest tribes is essential to cultural practices. Results depicted different views on cultural meaning and health impacts of commercial and traditional tobacco. Findings suggest the importance of local research to understand dimensions of tobacco use before moving forward with tobacco cessation programming